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To all these humors the general designation “bile” has been given,1 either by certain physicians or by someone who was capable of surveying a number of dissimilar cases and discerning amongst them one single type2 worthy to give its name to them all. All the rest that are counted as species of bile have gained their special descriptions in each case from their colors.

Serum is of two kinds: one is the mild whey of the blood; the other, being derived from black and acid bile, is malignant whenever it is imbued with a saline quality through the action of heat; and this kind is termed “acid phlegm.” Another kind involves air and is produced by dissolution from new and tender flesh. And when this is inflated

1 Cf. 71 B.

2 Cf. 68 D.

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