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After the Parthenius River, then, one comes to Amastris, a city bearing the same name as the woman who founded it. It is situated on a peninsula and has harbors on either side of the isthmus. Amastris was the wife of Dionysius the tyrant of Heracleia and the daughter of Oxyathres, the brother of the Dareius whom Alexander fought. Now she formed the city out of four settlements, Sesamus and Cytorum and Cromna (which Homer mentions in his marshalling of the Paphlagonian ships)1 and, fourth, Tieium. This part, however, soon revolted from the united city, but the other three remained together; and, of these three, Sesamus is called the acropolis of Amastris. Cytorum was once the emporium of the Sinopeans; it was named after Cytorus, the son of Phryxus, as Ephorus says. The most and the best box-wood grows in the territory of Amastris, and particularly round Cytorum. The Aegialus is a long shore of more than a hundred stadia, and it has also a village bearing the same name, which the poet mentions when he says,“Cromna and Aegialus and the lofty Erythini,
2though some write, "Cromna and Cobialus." They say that the Erythrini of today, from their color,3 used to be called Erythini; they are two lofty rocks. After Aegialus one comes to Carambis, a great cape extending towards the north and the Scythian Chersonese. I have often mentioned it, as also Criumetopon which lies opposite it, by which the Euxine Pontus is divided into two seas.4 After Carambis one comes to Cinolis, and to Anticinolis, and to Abonuteichus,5 a small town, and to Armene, to which pertains the proverb, “
whoever had no work to do walled Armene.
” It is a village of the Sinopeans and has a harbor.

1 2. 853-885.

2 Hom. Il. 2.855

3 i.e., "Red."

4 2. 5. 22, 7. 4. 3, 11. 2. 14.

5 Literally, Wall of Abonus.

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load focus English (H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A., 1903)
load focus Greek (1877)
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