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The tribes of the Pannonii are: the Breuci, the Andisetii, the Ditiones, the Peirustae, the Mazaei, and the Daesitiatae, whose leader is1 Bato,2 and also other small tribes of less significance which extend as far as Dalmatia and, as one goes south, almost as far as the land of the Ardiaei. The whole of the mountainous country that stretches alongside Pannonia from the recess of the Adriatic as far as the Rhizonic Gulf3 and the land of the Ardiaei is Illyrian, falling as it does between the sea and the Pannonian tribes. But this4 is about where I should begin my continuous geographical circuit—though first I shall repeat a little of what I have said before.5 I was saying in my geographical circuit of Italy that the Istrians were the first people on the Illyrian seaboard; their country being a continuation of Italy and the country of the Carni; and it is for this reason that the present Roman rulers have advanced the boundary of Italy as far as Pola, an Istrian city. Now this boundary is about eight hundred stadia from the recess, and the distance from the promontory6 in front of Pola to Ancona, if one keeps the Henetic7 country on the right, is the same. And the entire distance along the coast of Istria is one thousand three hundred stadia.

1 It is doubtful whether “is” or “was” (so others translate) should be supplied from the context here. Certainly “is” is more natural. This passage is important as having a bearing on the time of the composition and retouching of Strabo's work. See the Introduction, pp. xxiv ff.

2 Bato the Daesitiation and Bato the Breucian made common cause against the Romans in 6 A.D. (Cass. Dio 55.29). The former put the latter to death in 8 A.D. (op. cit. 55. 34), but shortly afterwards surrendered to the Romans (Vell. Pat. 2.114).

3 Now the Gulf of Cattaro.

4 The Rhizonic Gulf.

5 5. 1. 1, 5. 1. 9 and 6. 3. 10.

6 Polaticum Promontorium; now Punta di Promontore.

7 See 5. 1. 4.

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