Not long after their return from Euboea, they
made a truce with the Lacedaemonians and their allies for thirty years,
giving up the posts which they occupied in Peloponnese, Nisaea Pegae,
Troezen, and Achaia.
In the sixth year of the truce, war broke out between the Samians and
Milesians about Priene.Worsted in the war, the Milesians came to Athens with loud complaints
against the Samians.In this they were joined by certain private persons from Samos itself, who
wished to revolutionize the government.
Accordingly the Athenians sailed to Samos with forty ships and set up a
democracy; took hostages from the Samians, fifty boys and as many men, lodged them in
Lemnos, and after leaving a garrison in the island returned home.
But some of the Samians had not remained in the island, but had fled to the
continent.Making an agreement with the most powerful of those in the city, and an
alliance with Pissuthnes, son of Hystaspes, the then satrap of Sardis, they
got together a force of seven hundred mercenaries, and under cover of night
crossed over to Samos.
Their first step was to rise on the commons, most of whom they secured,
their next to steal their hostages from Lemnos; after which they revolted, gave up the Athenian garrison left with them and
its commanders to Pissuthnes, and instantly prepared for an expedition
against Miletus.The Byzantines also revolted with them.
Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. London, J. M. Dent; New York, E. P. Dutton. 1910.
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