The city of Epidamnus stands on the right of
the entrance of the Ionic gulf.Its vicinity is inhabited by the Taulantians, an Illyrian people.
The place is a colony from Corcyra,founded by Phalius, son of
Eratocleides, of the family of the Heraclids, who had according to ancient
usage been summoned for the purpose from Corinth, the mother country.The colonists were joined by some Corinthians, and others of the Dorian
Now, as time went on, the city of Epidamnus became great and populous;
but falling a prey to factions arising, it is said, from a war with her
neighbors the barbarians, she became much enfeebled, and lost a considerable
amount of her power.
The last act before the war was the expulsion of the nobles by the people. The exiled party joined the barbarians, and proceeded to plunder those in
the city by sea and land;
and the Epidamnians finding themselves hard pressed, sent ambassadors to
Corcyra beseeching their mother country not to allow them to perish, but to
make up matters between them and the exiles, and to rid them of the war with
The ambassadors seated themselves in the temple of Hera as suppliants, and
made the above requests to the Corcyraeans.But the Corcyraeans refused to accept their supplication, and they were
dismissed without having effected anything.
Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. London, J. M. Dent; New York, E. P. Dutton. 1910.
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