The same summer, not long after this, the
Ambraciots and Chaonians, being desirous of reducing the whole of Acarnania
and detaching it from Athens, persuaded the Lacedaemonians to equip a fleet
from their confederacy and send a thousand heavy infantry to Acarnania,
representing that if a combined movement were made by land and sea, the
coast Acarnanians would be unable to march; and the conquest of Zacynthus and Cephallenia easily following on the
possession of Acarnania, the cruise round Peloponnese would be no longer so
convenient for the Athenians.Besides which there was a hope of taking Naupactus.
The Lacedaemonians accordingly at once sent off a few vessels with Cnemus,
who was still high admiral, and the heavy infantry on board; and sent round orders for the fleet to equip as quickly as possible and
sail to Leucas.
The Corinthians were the most forward in the business; the Ambraciots being a colony of theirs.While the ships from Corinth, Sicyon and the neighborhood were getting
ready, and those from Leucas, Anactorium and Ambracia, which had arrived
before, were waiting for them at Leucas,
Cnemus and his thousand heavy infantry had run into the gulf, giving the
slip to Phormio, the commander of the Athenian squadron stationed off
Naupactus, and began at once to prepare for the land expedition.
The Hellenic troops with him consisted of the Ambraciots, Leucadians, and
Anactorians, and the thousand Peloponnesians with whom he came; the barbarian of a thousand Chaonians, who, belonging to a nation that has
no king, were led by Photius and Nicanor, the two members of the royal
family to whom the chieftainship for that year had been confided.With the Chaonians came also some Thesprotians, like them without a king,
some Molossians and Atintanians led by Sabylinthus, the guardian of king
Tharyps who was still a minor, and some Paravaeans, under their King
Oroedus, accompanied by a thousand Orestians, subjects of King Antiochus and
placed by him under the command of Oroedus.
There were also a thousand Macedonians sent by Perdiccas without the
knowledge of the Athenians, but they arrived too late.
With this force Cnemus set out, without waiting for the fleet from Corinth.Passing through the territory of Amphilochian Argos, and sacking the open
village of Limnaea, they advanced to Stratus the Acarnanian capital; this once taken, the rest of the country, they felt convinced would
Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. London, J. M. Dent; New York, E. P. Dutton. 1910.
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