Coming to land here with their armament, the
Athenians with ten ships and two thousand Milesian heavy infantry took the
town of Scandea, on the sea; and with the rest of their forces landing on the side of the island looking
towards Malea, went against the lower town of Cythera, where they found all
the inhabitants encamped.
A battle ensuing, the Cytherians held their ground for some little while,
and then turned and fled into the upper town, where they soon afterwards
capitulated to Nicias and his colleagues, agreeing to leave their fate to
the decision of the Athenians, their lives only being safe.
A correspondence had previously been going on between Nicias and certain of
the inhabitants, which caused the surrender to be effected more speedily,
and upon terms more advantageous, present and future, for the Cytherians; who would otherwise have been expelled by the Athenians on account of their
being Lacedaemonians and their island being so near to Laconia.
After the capitulation, the Athenians occupied the town of Scandea near the
harbour, and appointing a garrison for Cythera, sailed to Asine, Helus, and
most of the places on the sea, and making descents and passing the night on
shore at such spots as were convenient, continued ravaging the country for
about seven days.
Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. London, J. M. Dent; New York, E. P. Dutton. 1910.
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