The preparations of the Lacedaemonians from
the first had been known to the Argives, who did not, however, take the
field until the enemy was on his road to join the rest at Phlius.Reinforced by the Mantineans with their allies, and by three thousand Elean
they advanced and fell in with the Lacedaemonians at Methydrium in Arcadia.Each party took up its position upon a hill, and the Argives prepared to
engage the Lacedaemonians while they were alone; but Agis eluded them by breaking up his camp in the night, and proceeded to
join the rest of the allies at Phlius.
The Argives discovering this at daybreak, marched first to Argos and then
to the Nemean road, by which they expected the Lacedaemonians and their
allies would come down.
However, Agis, instead of taking this road as they expected, gave the
Lacedaemonians, Arcadians, and Epidaurians their orders, and went along
another difficult road, and descended into the plain of Argos.The Corinthians, Pellenians, and Phliasians marched by another steep road; while the Boeotians, Megarians, and Sicyonians had instructions to come
down by the Nemean road where the Argives were posted, in order that if the
enemy advanced into the plain against the troops of Agis, they might fall
upon his rear with their cavalry.
These dispositions concluded, Agis invaded the plain and began to ravage
Saminthus and other places.
Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. London, J. M. Dent; New York, E. P. Dutton. 1910.
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