These were the barbarians in Sicily, settled
as I have said.Of the Hellenes, the first to arrive were Chalcidians from Euboea with
Thucles, their founder.They founded Naxos and built the altar to Apollo Archegetes, which now
stands outside the town, and upon which the deputies for the games sacrifice
before sailing from Sicily.
Syracuse was founded the year afterwards by Archias, one of the Heraclids
from Corinth, who began by driving out the Sicels from the island upon which
the inner city now stands, though it is no longer surrounded by water: in
process of time the outer town also was taken within the walls and became
Meanwhile Thucles and the Chalcidians set out from Naxos in the fifth year
after the foundation of Syracuse, and drove out the Sicels by arms and
founded Leontini and afterwards Catana; the Catanians themselves choosing Evarchus as their founder.
Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War. London, J. M. Dent; New York, E. P. Dutton. 1910.
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