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While the Chians were thus engaged, a thousand Athenian heavy infantry and fifteen hundred Argives (five hundred of whom were light troops furnished with armour by the Athenians), and one thousand of the allies, towards the close of the same summer sailed from Athens in forty-eight ships, some of which were transports, under the command of Phrynichus, Onomacles, and Scironides, and putting in to Samos crossed over and encamped at Miletus. [2] Upon this the Milesians came out to the number of eight hundred heavy infantry, with the Peloponnesians who had come with Chalcideus, and some foreign mercenaries of Tissaphernes, Tissaphernes himself and his cavalry, and engaged the Athenians and their allies. [3] While the Argives rushed forward on their own wing with the careless disdain of men advancing against Ionians who would never stand their charge, and were defeated by the Milesians with a loss little short of three hundred men, [4] the Athenians first defeated the Peloponnesians, and driving before them the barbarians and the ruck of the army, without engaging the Milesians, who after the rout of the Argives retreated into the town upon seeing their comrades worsted, crowned their victory by grounding their arms under the very walls of Miletus. [5] Thus, in this battle, the Ionians on both sides overcame the Dorians, the Athenians defeating the Peloponnesians opposed to them, and the Milesians the Argives. After setting up a trophy, the Athenians prepared to draw a wall round the place, which stood upon an isthmus; thinking that if they could gain Miletus, the other towns also would easily come over to them.

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  • Commentary references to this page (3):
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 4, CHAPTER LII
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.15
    • C.E. Graves, Commentary on Thucydides: Book 5, 5.75
  • Cross-references to this page (6):
  • Cross-references in notes to this page (6):
    • Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Antigone, introduction.20
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 5.9
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 6.77
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 7.5
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 8.30
    • Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, Thuc. 8.45
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (3):
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