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[12] The caltrops should be made of plaited yew, stripped of the bark, so as not to rot. They should have circular crowns, and the nails should be of iron and wood alternately, plaited into the rim,1 the iron nails being the longer, so that the wooden ones will yield to the foot and the others hurt it.


1 The “rim” (an unsatisfactory rendering) is the same thing as the “crown.”

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