The Greeks Ask for Help Against Philip
Now these envoys arrived in Rome before the Senate
The speeches of the Greek envoys in the Senate.
had settled the provinces of the Consuls appointed for this year, and whether it would be
necessary to send both to Gaul, or one of them
against Philip. But the friends of Flamininus having assured themselves that both Consuls would remain in Italy
owing to the threat of an attack from the Celts, all the
ambassadors appeared and bluntly stated their grievances
against Philip. The bulk of their accusations was to the
same effect as what they had before stated to the king himself;
but they also endeavoured carefully to instil this idea in the
minds of the Senators, "That so long as Chalcis, Corinth, and
Demetrias were subject to Macedonia, it was impossible for the
Greeks to think of liberty; for Philip himself had spoken the
exact truth when he called these places the 'fetters of Greece.'
For neither could the Peloponnese breathe while a royal garrison was stationed in Cornith, nor the Locrians, Boeotians,
and Phocians feel any confidence while Philip was in occupation of Chalcis and the rest of Euboea; nor indeed could the
Thessalians or Magnesians raise a spark of liberty1
Philip and the Macedonians held Demetrias. That, therefore,
Philip's offer to evacuate the other places was a mere pretence
in order to escape the immediate danger; and that on the
very first day he chose he would with ease reduce the Greeks
again under his power, if he were in possession of these places."
They accordingly urged the Senate "either to force Philip to
evacuate the cities they had named, or to stand by the policy
they had begun, and vigorously prosecute the war against
him. For in truth the most difficult part of the war was
already accomplished, the Macedonians having already been
twice defeated, and most of their resources on land already
They concluded by beseeching the Senate "not to beguile
the Greeks of their hopes of liberty, nor deprive themselves
of the most glorious renown." Such, or nearly so, were the
arguments advanced by the Greek envoys. Philip's envoys
were prepared to make a long speech in reply: but they were
stopped at the threshold. For being asked whether they were
prepared to evacuate Chalcis, Corinth, and Demetrias, they
declared that they had not any instructions as to those towns.
They were accordingly rebuked by the Senate and obliged to
discontinue their speech.