Another Commission For Greece
Both parties were heard in their defence in each
other's presence. Apollonidas of Sicyon and his colleagues
tried to convince the Senate that the affairs of
Sparta could not have been better managed
than they were managed by Philopoemen.
Areus and his colleagues attempted to establish the reverse:
alleging, first of all, that the power of the city was entirely
destroyed by the violent withdrawal of so large a number;
and, in the second place, that even those that were left were
so few that their position was insecure, now that the walls
were pulled down; and that their freedom of speech was
entirely destroyed by the fact that they were not only amenable
to the general decrees of the Achaean league, but were also
made specially subject to the magistrates set over them from
time to time.
After hearing these envoys also, the Senate
decided to give, the same legates instructions
regarding them as well as the others, and appointed Appius Claudius and his colleagues commissioners for
But the ambassadors from the Achaeans offered an explanation also to Caecilius in the Senate, on behalf of the
magistrates, asserting that "They did not act wrongly or deserve
blame for refusing to summon the assembly,
unless it were requisite to decide on an alliance
or a war, or unless some one brought a letter
from the Senate.
Defence of the refusal to call the Achaean assembly.
The magistrates had therefore impartially
considered the subject of summoning the assembly, but were
prevented from doing so by the laws, because he neither
brought a despatch from the Senate nor would show them any
written instructions. "At the conclusion of this speech
Caecilius rose and made an attack on Philopoemen and
Lycortas, and the Achaeans generally, and on the policy they
had pursued towards the city of Sparta. After listening to
the arguments, the Senate answered the Achaeans by saying
that they would send commissioners to investigate the matter
of Sparta; and they accompanied this answer by an admonition to them to pay attention to the ambassadors sent by them
from time to time, and show them proper respect, as the
Romans did to ambassadors who came to them. . . .