Diaeus Becomes Strategus
Critolaus the Achaean Strategus being dead, and the law
On the death of Critolaus (spring of B. C. 146) Diaeus succeeds as Strategus.
providing that, in case of such an event befalling the existing Strategus, the Strategus of the
previous year should succeed to the office until
the regular congress of the league should meet,
it fell to Diaeus to conduct the business of the
league and take the head of affairs. Accordingly, after sending
forward some troops to Megara,1
he went himself to Argos;
and from that place sent a circular letter to all
the towns ordering them to set free their slaves
who were of military age, and who had been
born and brought up in their houses, and send them furnished
with arms to Corinth.
He orders the arming of 10,000 slaves,
He assigned the numbers to be furnished
by the several towns quite at random and without any regard
to equality, just as he did everything else. Those who had
not the requisite number of home-bred slaves were to fill up
the quota imposed on each town from other slaves.
a special contribution by the rich,
seeing that the public poverty was very great,
owing to the war with the Lacedaemonians, he
compelled the richer classes, men and women
alike, to make promises of money and furnish separate contributions.
and a general levy of the freemen of military age.
At the same time he ordered a levy en
masse at Corinth of all men of military age. The
result of these measures was that every city was
full of confusion, commotion, and despair: they
deemed those fortunate who had already perished in the war,
and pitied those who were now starting to take part in it; and
everybody was in tears as though they foresaw only too well
what was going to happen. They were especially annoyed at
the insolent demeanour and neglect of their duties on the part
of the slaves,—airs which they assumed as having been recently
liberated, or, in the case of others, because they were excited
by the prospect of freedom. Moreover the men were compelled
to make their contribution contrary to their own views, according to the property they were reputed to possess; while the
women had to do so, by taking the ornaments of their own
persons or of their children, to what seemed deliberately meant
for their destruction.