Dispositions For the Battle of Raphia
After being encamped opposite each other for five
Disposition of the two armies for the battle of Rhaphia.
days, the two kings resolved to bring matters
to the decision of battle. And upon
Ptolemy beginning to move his army outside
its camp, Antiochus hastened to do the
same. Both formed their front of their phalanx and men
armed in the Macedonian manner. But Ptolemy's two
wings were formed as follows:—Polycrates, with the cavalry
under his command, occupied the left, and between him and
the phalanx were Cretans standing close by the horsemen;
next them came the royal guard;1
then the peltasts under
Socrates, adjoining the Libyans armed in Macedonian fashion.
On the right wing was Echecrates of Thessaly
, with his division
of cavalry; on his left were stationed Gauls and Thracians;
next them Phoxidas and the Greek mercenaries, extending to
the Egyptian phalanx. Of the elephants forty were on the left
wing, where Ptolemy was to be in person during the battle;
the other thirty-three had been stationed in front of the right
wing opposite the mercenary cavalry.
Antiochus also placed sixty of his elephants commanded
by his foster-brother Philip in front of his right wing, on which
he was to be present personally, to fight opposite Ptolemy.
Behind these he stationed the two thousand cavalry commanded
by Antipater, and two thousand more at right angles to them.
In line with the cavalry he placed the Cretans, and next
them the Greek mercenaries; with the latter he mixed two
thousand of these armed in the Macedonian fashion under
the command of the Macedonian Byttacus. At the extreme
point of the left wing he placed two thousand cavalry under
the command of Themison; by their side Cardacian and
Lydian javelin-men; next them the light-armed division of
three thousand, commanded by Menedemus; then the Cissians,
Medes, and Carmanians; and by their side the Arabians and
neighbouring peoples who continued the line up to the phalanx.
The remainder of the elephants he placed in front of his left
wing under the command of Myiscus, one of the boys about