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Apollodorus says, that there is in the inland parts of Acarnania, a tribe of Erysichæi, mentioned by Aleman, “‘not an Erysichæan, nor a shepherd; but I came from the extremities of Sardis.’” Olenus belonged to Ætolia; Homer mentions it in the Ætolian Catalogue,1 but traces alone remain of it near Pleuron below Aracynthus.2

Lysimachia also was near Olenus. This place has disappeared. It was situated upon the lake, the present Lysimachia, formerly Hydra, between Pleuron and the city Arsinoë,3 formerly a village of the name of Conopa. It was founded by Arsinoë, wife and also sister of the second Ptolemy. It is conveniently situated above the passage across the Achelous.

Pylene has experienced nearly the same fate as Olenus.

When the poet describes Calydon4 as lofty, and rocky, we must understand these epithets as relating to the character of the country. For we have said before, that when they divided the country into two parts, they assigned the mountainous portion and the Epictetus5 to Calydon, and the tract of plains to Pleuron.

1 Il. ii. 639.

2 M. Zigos.

3 Angelo Castron.

4 Near Mauro Mati.

5 See c. ii. § 3, Epictetus.

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