In the interval between Lampsacus and Parium was Pæsus, a city, and a river Pæsus.1 The city was razed, and the Pæseni, who, as well as the Lampsaceni, were a colony of Milesians, removed to Lampsacus. The poet mentions the city with the addition of the first syllable,
and without it,
“ and the country of Apæsus;2”Il. ii. 328.
and this is still the name of the river. Colonæ also is a colony of Milesians. It is situated above Lampsacus, in the interior of the territory Lampsacene. There is another Colonæ situated upon the exterior Hellespontic Sea, at the distance of 140 stadia from Ilium; the birth-place, it is said, of Cycnus. Anaximenes mentions a Colonæ in the Erythræan territory, in Phocis, and in Thessaly. Iliocolone is in the Parian district. In Lampsacene is a place well planted with vines, called Gergithium, and there was a city Gergitha, founded by the Gergithi in the Cymæan territory, where formerly was a city called Gergitheis, (used in the plural number, and of the feminine gender,) the birthplace of Cephalon4 the Gergithian, and even now there exists a place in the Cymæan territory called Gergithium, near Larissa. Neoptolemus,5 surnamed the Glossographer, a writer of repute, was of Parium. Charon,6 the Historian, was of Lampsacus. Adeimantes,7 Anaximenes,8 the Rhetorician, and Metrodorus, the friend of Epicurus, even Epicurus himself might be said to be a Lampsacenian, having lived a long time at Lampsacus, and enjoyed the friendship of Idomeneus and Leontes, the most distinguished of its citizens. It was from Lampsacus that Agrippa transported the Prostrate Lion, the workmanship of Lysippus, and placed it in the sacred grove between the lake9 and the strait.
“ a man of great possessions, who lived at Pæsus;3”Il. v.612.