AFTER Phaselis is Olbia; here Pamphylia begins. It is
a large fortress. It is followed by the Cataractes,1
as it is
called, a river which descends violently from a lofty rock, with
a great body of water, like a winter torrent, so that the noise
of it is heard at a great distance.
Next is Attaleia,2
a city, so called from its founder Attalus
Philadelphus, who also settled another colony at Corycus, a
small city near Attaleia, by introducing other inhabitants, and
extending the circuit of the walls.
It is said, that between Phaselis and Attaleia, Thebe and
are shown; for, according to Callisthenes, a part
of the Trojan Cilicians were driven from the plain of Thebe
Next is the river Cestrus;4
on sailing up its stream 60
stadia we find the city Perge,5
and near it upon an elevated
place, the temple of the Pergæan Artemis, where a general
festival is celebrated every year.
Then at the distance of about 40 stadia from the sea is
on an elevated site, and visible at Perge. Next is
Capria, a lake of considerable extent; then the river Eurymedon;7
sailing up it to the distance of 60 stadia, we come to
a well-peopled city, founded by Argives. Above
it is Petnelissus;9
then another river, and many small islands
lying in front; then Side, a colony of the Cymæans, where
there is a temple of Minerva. Near it is the coast of the Little
Cibyratæ; then the river Melas,10
and an anchorage for vessels;
a city; next the borders of Pamphylia, and
where Cilicia Tracheia begins. The whole of
the voyage along the coast of Pamphylia is 640 stadia.
that the Pamphylians are descendants
of the people who accompanied Amphilochus and Calchas
from Troy, a mixture of various nations. The majority of
them settled here, others were dispersed over different countries. Callinus says that Calchas died at Clarus, but that
some of the people who, together with Mopsus, crossed the
Taurus, remained in Pamphylia, and that others were scattered in Cilicia and Syria, and as far even as Phœnicia.