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VI. Such are the conditions in these cities. Those that lie towards the settings of the sun, and are

[p. 83] sheltered from the east winds, while the hot winds and the cold north winds blow past them--these cities must have a most unhealthy situation. In the first place, the waters are not clear, the reason being that in the morning mist is generally prevalent, which dissolves in the water and destroys its clearness, as the sun does not shine upon it before it is high on the horizon. In the summer cold breezes blow in the morning and there are heavy dews ; for the rest of the day the sun as it advances towards the west thoroughly scorches the inhabitants, so that they are likely to be pale and sickly, subject to all the diseases aforesaid, for none are peculiar to them.1 They are likely to have deep, hoarse voices, because of the atmosphere, since it is usually impure and unhealthy in such places. For while it is not clarified much by the north winds, which are not prevalent there, the winds that do prevail insistently are very rainy, such being the nature of westerly winds. Such a situation for a city is precisely like autumn in respect of the changes of the day, seeing that the difference between sunrise and afternoon is great.

1 αὐτοῖς2 may be either a dative of advantage or one of disadvantage. There can thus be two meanings :-- (1) "for none are isolated to their advantage," i. e. they are exempt from none ;

(2) "for none are isolated to their disadvantage," i. e. they have no disease peculiar to themselves. I have taken the latter meaning, with Littré, but a good case could be made out for the former.

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