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V. Let us consider also whether the acknowledged art of medicine, that was discovered for the treatment of the sick and has both a name and artists, has the same object as the other art,1 and what its origin was. In my opinion, as I said at the beginning, nobody would have even sought for medicine, if the same ways of life had suited both the sick and those in health. At any rate even at the present day such as do not use medical science, foreigners and some Greeks, live as do those in health, just as they please, and would neither forgo nor restrict the satisfaction of any of their desires. But those who sought for and discovered medicine, having the same intention as the men I discussed above, in the first place, I think, lessened the bulk of the foods, and, without altering their character, greatly diminished their quantity. But they found that this treatment was

[p. 23] sufficient only occasionally, and although clearly beneficial with some patients, it was not so in all cases, as some were in such a condition that they could not assimilate even small quantities of food. As such patients were thought to need weaker nutriment, slops were invented by mixing with much water small quantities of strong foods, and by taking away from their strength by compounding and boiling. Those that were not able to assimilate them were refused even these slops, and were reduced to taking liquids, these moreover being so regulated in composition and quantity as to be moderate, and nothing was administered that was either more or less, or less compounded, than it ought to be.

1 I.e. that of dieting in health. See Chapter VII.

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