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διάρροια and δυς1εντερία

The former is local, and causes merely the passing of unhealthy excreta. The latter is accompanied by

[p. lix] fever, and is a dangerous disease, in which the bowel is ulcerated, with the passing of blood. See περὶ παθῶν 23 and 25 (Littré VI. 234, 235), and more especially περὶ διαίτης2 74 (Littré IV. 616) :--

τοῦτο γὰρ (διάρροια) ὀνομάζεται ἕως2 ἂν αν̓τὴ μόνη ς1απεῖς1α τροφὴ ὑποχωρῆ. ὁκόταν δὲ θερμαινομένου τοῦ ς1ώματος κάθαρς1ις δριμέα γένηται, τό τε ἔντερον ξύεται καὶ ἑλκοῦται καὶ διαχωρεῖται αἱματώδεα, τοῦτο δὲ δυς1εντερίη καλεῖται, νός1ος χαλεπὴ καὶ ἐπικίνδυνος.

"Dysentery" would include what is now called by this name and any severe intestinal trouble, perhaps typhoid and paratyphoid if these were diseases of the Greek world, while "diarrhoea" means merely undue laxity of the bowels.

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