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An invocation accompanying offerings made at the tomb of the poet's brother in the Troad (cf. Catul. 65.5ff.; Catul. 68.19ff. Catul. 68.89ff.). See Intr. 22.

multas: etc., the exaggeration of the expression marks the intensity of the poet's grief over the distance that separated him from his brother's deathbed and tomb.

[2] miseras: cf. Catul. 68.30n.

[2] inferias: defined by Servius on Verg. A. 10.519inferiae sunt sacra mortuorum, quod inferis solvuntur” . Perhaps Catullus is now offering the cena novemdialis, omitted perforce up to this time, since none of the family were present at the burial. In this case the offerings would be especially dishes of eggs, lentils, and salt, and the phrase in v. 9 multum manantia fletu would be quite in point, as it would not be if libations only were offered.

[4] mutam cinerem: cf. Catul. 96.1mutis sepuleris” .

[4] adloquerer: cf. v. 10 n.

[5] quandoquidem: etc. cf. Catul. 64.218ff.

[5] tete: cf. Catul. 30.7tute” .

[6] cf. Catul. 68.20 and Catul. 68.92.

[7] interea: with an imperative, indicating the relinquishment of the previous line of thought, at least for a season; cf. Catul. 14.21; Catul. 36.18; Verg. Cir. 44ff.haec tamen intereaaccipe dona meo multum vigilata labore” .

[7] haec: i. e. the offerings he came to bring; cf. v. 2 n.

[8] tradita: offered; cf. with the collocation Catul. 65.19missum furtivo munere” ; Tac. Ann. 1.62.2caespitem Caesar posuit gratissimo munere in defunctos” .

[8] ad inferias: as funeral offerings.

[9] accipe: etc. cf. Mart. 6.85.11ff.accipe cum fletu maesti breve carmen amici, atque haec absentis tura fuisse puta” .

[10] ave atque vale: the offerings are concluded with the final farewell that should have been spoken at the burial. The fullest form of this conclamatio was salve, vale, ave, but other forms are mentioned; cf. Verg. A. 11.97salve aeternum mihi, maxime Palla, aeternumque vale” ; Servius on Verg. A. 2.644; and the selection of forms occurring in inscriptions in the index to Wilmann's Exempla Inscr. Lat. 2. p.692.

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hide References (11 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (11):
    • Catullus, Poems, 14
    • Catullus, Poems, 30
    • Catullus, Poems, 36
    • Catullus, Poems, 64
    • Catullus, Poems, 65
    • Catullus, Poems, 68
    • Catullus, Poems, 96
    • Servius, Commentary on the Aeneid of Vergil, 2.644;645
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 10.519
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 11.97
    • Tacitus, Annales, 1.62
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