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DCCCLXV (F X, 34, §§ 1, 2)

M. AEMILIUS LEPIDUS TO CICERO (AT ROME)
PONS ARGENTEUS (18 MAY)
If you are well, I am glad. I am well. Having been informed that Antony, after sending Lucius Antonius in advance with a detachment of his cavalry, was coming with his forces into my province, I moved with my army from the confluence of the Rhone 1 and determined to oppose them. Accordingly, I have come by daily marches to Forum Voconii, 2 and to the east of that town I have pitched a camp on the river Argens opposite the Antonians. Publius Ventidius has united his three legions with him and has pitched a camp still farther to the east. Antony had before this junction the fifth legion, and a large number of men drawn from the other legions, but without arms. He has a large force of cavalry: for it got away after the battle without loss, so that there are more than five thousand troopers. A large number of infantry and cavalry have deserted to me from him, and his force is shrinking every day. Silanus and Culleo have abandoned him. 3 Although they had done me a serious wrong in having joined Antony contrary to my wish, yet for kindness' sake, and in view of our close connexion, I have granted them their lives, but I am not employing them, nor allowing them to remain in camp, and I have not given them any command. As far as this war is concerned, I shall not be wanting in my duty to the senate nor to the Republic. I will keep you acquainted with my future proceedings. 4


1 The confluence of the Rhone and the Durance, near Avignon.

2 A station on the via Aurelia, but its exact site is uncertain. Mr. Hall (The Romans on the Riviera, p.183) places it in the territory of le Luc, twenty-four Roman miles west of Fréjus.

3 M. Iunius Silanus was a son of Servilia by her second husband, D. Iunius Silanus, and therefore half-brother of Marcus Brutus and brother-in-law of Lepidus. He commanded the praetorian cohort in Antony's army, and fought at Mutina. He survived to be consul in B.C. 25. His connexion with Lepidus no doubt caused his present move. According to Dio (46, 38), he had been sent by Lepidus to assist Decimus at Mutina with the secret understanding that he was to do nothing. Q. Terentius Culleo—mentioned once or twice before-must have been a rather lukewarm Caesarian (see vol. i., p. 162; vol. ii., p.301). Lepidus had, however, stationed him on the pass over the Maritime Alps—the Riviera—but probably by connivance of Lepidus himself he

4 On the 29th of May Lepidus joined Antony.

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