Take the case of the famous Cyrus, portrayed by Xenophon, not as an historical character, but as a model of righteous government, the serious dignity of whose character is represented by that philosopher as combined with a peculiar courtesy. And, indeed, it is not without reason that our hero Africanus used perpetually to have those books in his hands, for there is no duty pertaining to a careful and equitable governor which is not to be found in them. Well, if he cultivated those qualities, though never destined to be in a private station, how carefully ought those to maintain them to whom power is given with the understanding that it must be surrendered, and given by laws under whose authority they must once more come? In my opinion all who govern others are bound to regard as the object of all their actions the greatest happiness of the governed. That this is your highest object, and has been so since you first landed in Asia, has been published abroad by Consistent rumour and the conversation of all. It is, let me add, not only the duty of one who governs allies and citizens, but even of one who governs slaves and dumb animals, to serve the interests and advantage of those under him. In this point I notice that everyone agrees that you take the greatest pains: no new debt is being contracted by the states, while many have been relieved by you from a heavy and long-standing one. Several cities that had become dilapidated and almost deserted—of which one was the most famous state in Ionia, the other in Caria, Samus and Halicarnassus—have been given a new life by you: there is no party fighting, no civil strife in the towns: you take care that the government of the states is administered by the best class of citizens: brigandage is abolished in Mysia; murder suppressed in many districts; peace is established throughout the province; and not only the robberies usual on highways and in country places, but those more numerous and more serious ones in towns and temples, have been completely stopped: the fame, fortunes, and repose of the rich have been relieved of that most oppressive instrument of praetorial rapacity-vexatious prosecution; the expenses and tribute of the states are made to fall with equal weight on all who live in the territories of those states: access to you is as easy as possible: your ears are open to the complaints of all: no man's want of means or want of friends excludes him, I don't say from access to you in public and on the tribunal, but -even from your house and chamber: in a word, throughout your government there is no harshness or cruelty-everywhere clemency, mildness, and kindness reign supreme.
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Table of Contents:
B.C. 67 . Coss., C. Calpurnius Piso, M. Acilius Glabrio.
B.C. 62 . Coss., D. Iunius Silanus, L. Licinius Murena.
B.C. 61 . Coss., M. Papius Piso, M. valerius Messalla.
B.C. 60 . coss., Q. Caecilius Metellus Celer, L. Afranius.
B.C. 59 . Coss., C. Iulius Caesar, M. Calpurnius Bibulus.
B.C. 58 . Coss., L. Piso, A. Gabinius: LETTERS IN EXILE
B.C. 57 coss., P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, Q. Caecilius Metellus Nepos.
B.C. 56 . Coss., Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus, L Marcius Philippus.
B.C. 55 . Coss., Cn. Pompeius Magus, M. Licinius Crassus
B.C. 54 . Coss., L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Ap. Claudius Pulcher
B.C. 53 . Coss. M. Domitius Calvinus, M. Valerius Messalia.
B.C. 52 . from V Kal. Mart., Coss. Cn. Pompeius Magnus (alone); from 1st August, with Q. Metellus Scipio
B.C. 51 . COSS., M. Claudius Marcellus, Servius Sulpicius Rufus.
B.C. 50 . coss., L. Aemilius Paulus, C. Claudius C. Claudius
B.C. 49 . Coss., C. Claudius, Marcellus, L. Cornelius Lentulus Crus.
B.C. 48 . Coss., C. Iulius Caesar II., P. Servilius Vatia Isauricus.
B.C. 47 . Dict. r. p. c., C. Iulius Caesar, Mag. Eq., M. Antonius. Coss. (for three last months), Q. Fufius Calenus, P. Vatinius.
B.C. 46 . Coss., C. Iulius Caesar III., M. Aemilius Lepidus. Dictator C. Iulius Caesar III. Magister Equitum, Am. Aemilius Lepidus.
B.C. 45 . Dictator, r.p.c., C. Iulius Caesar III. Magister Equitum, M. Aemilius Lepidus. Coss., C. Iulius Caesar IV., sine collega. Q. Fabius Maximus, mort., C. Caninius Rebilus, C. Trebonius.
B.C. 44 , aet. 62. Dictat. r. p. ger. C. Iulius Caesar IV. Mag. Eq. M. Aemilius Lepidus II. Coss., C. Octavius, Cn. Domitius (non inierunt.) C. Iulius Caesar V. occis. M. Antonius. P. Cornelius Dolabella.
year v4 44
B.C. 43 , aet. 63. Coss., C. Vibius Pansa, occis., A. Hirtius, occis. C. Iulius Caesar Octavianus, abd. C. Carinas, Q. Pedius, mort., P. Ventidius. Triumviri, r. p. c., M. Aemilius Lepidus, M. Antonius, C. Iulius Caesar Octavianus.
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