Metrum 1Boethius (hereinafter: B.), imprisoned and alone, bewails his condition. Meter: Elegiac couplets. The first line is dactylic hexameter ( - W - W - W - W - u u - - ), the second (called the pentameter) contains two hemiepes ( - W - W - - u u - u u -). In the hexameter caesura is regular after the first syllable of the third foot. No substitutions are allowed in the second hemiepes of the pentameter.
qui: "(I) who . . ." studio florente: ablative absolute; studium here, "eagerness, enthusiasm." peregi: < perago , "accomplish, complete."
lacerae: "tattered, bedraggled." scribenda: < scribo ; neuter plural accusative, gerundive of necessity: "things that must be written." Camenae: the native Latin name for the Muses.
elegi : "elegiac verses." ora: < os , oris : "mouth, face." Plural for singular is common in poetry.
Has : sc. Camenas . pervincere: "prevail upon," treated as a verb of hindering governing ne -clause in line 6 AG 558b.
comites : predicative, "as companions."
Gloria : in apposition with the subject of solantur (i.e., Camenae ). felicis : The final syllable is closed, and thus long, before the caesura.
maesti : modifies senis (genitive < senex ).
inopina : "unexpectedly"; adjectives in agreement with the subject often have adverbial force.
iussit : governs accusative/infinitive. suam : the reflexive takes its antecedent from the subject of the sentence, hence dolor .
intempestivi : "out of season," because B. is too young for cani (sc. capilli ), "grey hair."
maestis: sc. annis (line 13).
quam: exclamatory, to be taken closely with surda . . . aure . avertitur: here used in an active sense (comparable to the Greek middle voice: other Hellenisms will occur in B.): "[death] turns away [the wretches]."
saeva: with adverbial force: "cruelly."
Dum: In late Latin, dum with subjunctive is interchangeable with circumstantial cum . levibus . . . bonis: ablative, "with good things [that are] insubstantial." male: "scarcely, not at all," a common way of negating an adjective (here: fida ) in poetry.
merserat: pluperfect indicative (< mergo ) instead of perfect, for an unreal statement ( paene has the force of a negative); translate as simple past tense. Cf. LHS 328, Zusätze b, on the rhetorical pluperfect.
nubila: "cloudy, gloomy," modifies fortuna understood as the subject.
me felicem: sc. esse ; accusative/infinitive with iactastis (= iactavistis ). amici: vocative.
stabili . . . gradu: ablative of description. Stabilis appears often in the Consolatio, in emphatic positions, to hint at the alternative to the mutability of fortune's world (cf. e.g., 1M4.16, 2M8.1, 3M9.3).