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1 The Juglans regia of Linnæus.
2 Tastes have probably altered since this was written.
3 These were rude and sometimes obscene songs sung at festivals, and more particularly marriages. While these songs were being sung at the door of the nuptial chamber, it was the custom for the husband to scramble walnuts among the young people assembled there. The walnut is the nut mentioned in Solomon's Song, vi. 11.
4 Or, more probably, from the union of the two portions of the inner shell.
5 "Tripudium sonivium:" implying that it was considered sacred to marriage, from the use made of it by the friends of the bridegroom when thrown violently against the nuptial chamber, with the view of drowning the cries of the bride. A very absurd notion, to all appearance.
6 The "Persian" nut.
7 The "king's" nut. The walnut-tree still abounds in Persia, and is found wild on the slopes of the Himalaya.
9 It is still a common notion, Fée says, that it is highly injurious to sleep beneath a walnut-tree.
10 It is still used for this purpose.
11 Red hair was admired by the Romans. The Roman females used this juice also for dyeing their hair when grey.
12 They are not entirely separate.
13 The Corylus avellana maxima of Willdenow.
14 The filbert, the Corylus tubulosa of Willdenow.
15 Abellinum, in Campania. See B. iii. c. 9.
16 The down on the nut is more apparent when it is young; but it is easily rubbed off. The outer coat is probably meant.
17 Hazel nuts are sometimes roasted in some parts of Europe, but not with us.
18 The Amygdalus communis of Linnæus.
19 De Re Rust. c. 8. Some think that this was the bitter almond; and the word "acriore," used by Pliny, would almost seem to imply that such is the case.
20 Apparently the "smooth" or "bald" nut. May not a variety something like the hickory nut of America be meant?
21 Festus says that a kind of nut was so called, because the Prænestines, when besieged by Hannibal at Casilinum, subsisted upon them. See Livy, B. xxiii. Fée considers it only another name for the common hazel nut.
22 De Re Rust, c. 145.
23 The soft-shelled almond, or princess almond of the French: the Amygdalus communis fragilis of naturalists.
24 This last variety does not seem to have been identified: the hard-shell almonds do not appear to be larger than the others.
25 Or "soft" almond, a variety only of the Amygdalus fragilis.
26 There is little doubt that Fée is right in his assertion, that this great personage imposed on our author; as no trees of this family are known to bear two crops.
27 B. xiii. c. 10.
28 In c. xxi. of this Book.
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