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1 He alludes to the crown of oak-leaves, which was suspended on the gates before the palace of the emperors. A civic crown had been voted by the senate to Julius Cæsar, on the ground of having saved his country.
2 Given to the first man who scaled the wall of a besieged place. It was made of gold, and decorated with turrets.
3 Given to the first soldier who surmounted the vallum or entrenchments. It was made of gold, and ornamented with "valli," or palisades.
4 One of the varieties of the triumphal crown was the "corona aurea," or "golden crown."
5 Made of gold, and decorated with the "rostra," or "beaks" of ships.
6 See B. vii. c. 31.
7 The orator's stage in the Forum was decorated with the "rostra," or "beaks" of the ships of the Antiates; hence it received the name of "Rostrum." The locality of the Rostra was changed by Julius Cæsar.
8 Alluding to the prostitution of the Rostra by the tribunes and others for the purposes of sedition, and the presentation by Augustus of the rostrate crown to Agrippa.
9 Which was suspended, as already mentioned, at the gate of his palace.
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