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The leaves continue the same upon every species of tree, with the exception of the poplar, the ivy, and the croton, which we have already mentioned as being called the "cicus."1

(23.) There are three kinds of poplar; the white,2 the black,3 and the one known as the Libyan4 poplar, with a very diminutive leaf, and extremely black; much esteemed also for the fungi which grow from it. The white poplar has a parti- coloured leaf, white on the upper side and green beneath. This poplar, as also the black variety, and the croton, have a rounded leaf when young, as though it had been described with a pair of compasses, but when it becomes older the leaf throws out angular projections. On the other hand, the leaf of the ivy,5 which is angular at first, becomes rounder, the older the tree. From the leaves of the poplar there falls a very thick down;6 upon the white poplar, which, it is said, has a greater quantity of leaves than the others, this down is quite white, resembling locks of wool. The leaves of the pomegranate and the almond are red.

1 See B. xv. c. 7.

2 The Populus alba of Linnæus.

3 The Populus nigra of Linnæus.

4 The Populus tremula of Linnæus. This statement as to the leaves of the poplar is verified by modern experience.

5 This does not appear to be exactly correct as to the ivy. The leaves on the young suckers or the old and sterile branches are divided into three or five regular lobes, while those which grow on the branches destined to bear the blossoms are ovals or lanceolated ovals in shape.

6 It is not from the leaves, but from the fruit of the tree that this down falls; the seeds being enveloped with a cottony substance. This passage is hopelessly corrupt.

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  • Cross-references to this page (2):
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), TUGURIUM
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), BOEO´TIA
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