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Upon some trees the fruit does not follow immediately upon the fall of the blossom. The cornel1 about the summer solstice puts forth a fruit that is white at first, and after that the colour of blood. The female2 of this tree, after autumn, bears a sour berry, which no animal will touch; its wood, too, is spongy and quite useless, while, on the other hand, that of the male tree is one of the very strongest and hardest3 woods known: so great a difference do we find in trees belonging to the same species. The terebinth, the maple, and the ash produce their seed at harvest-time, while the nut-trees, the apple, and the pear, with the exception of the winter or the more early kinds, bear fruit in autumn. The glandiferous trees bear at a still later period, the setting of the Vergiliæ,4 with the exception of the æsculus,5 which bears in the autumn only; while some kinds of the apple and the pear, and the cork-tree, bear fruit at the beginning of winter.

The fir puts forth blossoms of a saffron colour about the summer solstice, and the seed is ripe just after the setting of the Vergiliæ. The pine and the pitch-tree germinate about fifteen days before the fir, but their seed is not ripe till after the setting of the Vergiliæ.

1 The Cornus mas of botanists; probably the Frutex sanguineus mentioned in c. 30. See also B. xv. c. 31.

2 Probably the Lonicera Alpiena of Linnæus; the fruit of which resembles a cherry, but is of a sour flavour, and produces vomiting.

3 The wood is so durable, that a tree of this kind in the forest of Montmorency is said to be a thousand years old.

4 See B. xviii. cc. 59,60.

5 See c. 6 of this Book.

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