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1 Or balm of Gilead. See B. xii. c. 54. Bruce assures us that it is indigenous to Abyssinia; if so, it has been transplanted in Arabia. It is no more to be found in Judæa.
2 This is inserted, as it is evident that the text without it is imperfect. Fée says that even in Judæa it was transplanted from Arabia.
3 As to the identification of the cinnamomum of Pliny, see B. xii. cc. 41 and 42, and the Notes.
4 As to the question of the identity of the amomum, see B. xii. c. 28.
5 See B. xii. c. 26.
6 This cannot be the ordinary Piper nigrum, or black pepper, which does not deserve the title " arbor." It is, no doubt, the pepper of Italy, which he mentions in B. xii. c. 14.
7 The Cassia Italicta, probably, of B. xii. c. 43. The cassia of the East could not possibly survive in Italy. The fact is, no doubt, that the Romans gave the names of cassia, piper, and amomunm, to certain indigenous plants, and then persuaded themselves that they had the genuine plants of the East.
8 See B. xii. c. 30.
9 Under the name of Cedrus, no doubt, several of the junipers have been included. See B. xiii. c. 11.
10 Fée is inclined to doubt this statement. The myrtle has been known to stand the winters of Lower Brittany.
11 Owing, no doubt, as Fée says, solely to bad methods of cultivation. The same, too, with the grafted peach and the Greek nut or almond.
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