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1 Fée remarks, that the commencement of this exordium is contrary to truth, and that Pliny appears to forget that in the Eighteenth Book he has treated, at very considerable length, of the various cereals, the art of preparing bread, pottages, ptisans. &c. He suggests, that the author may have originally intended to place the Eighteenth Book after the present one, and that on changing his plan he may have neglected to alter the present passage. From his mention, however, of man's "ignorance by what means he exists," it is not improbable that he may have considered that the nutritive qualities of plants are really based upon their medicinal vir- tues, a point of view little regarded by the majority of mankind in his time, but considered by Pliny to be the true key to a just appreciation of their utility.
2 "Quibus cuncta constant." See B. xxiv. c. 1.
3 See B. xxxiv. c. 42.
4 The "theamedes." See B. xxxvi. c. 25.
5 Pliny is the only author who makes mention of this singularly absurd notion.
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