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Wild rape1 is mostly found growing in the fields; it has a tufted top, with a white2 seed, twice as large as that of the poppy. This plant is often employed for smoothing the skin of the face and the body generally, meal of fitches,3 barley, wheat, and lupines, being mixed with it in equal proportions.

The root of the wild rape is applied to no useful purpose whatever.

1 The Brassica napus, var. a of Linnæus, the Brassica asperifolia, var. α of Decandolles, the "navette" of the French. An oil is extracted from the seed, very similar to the Colza oil, extracted from the Brassica oleracea.

2 It is in reality of a blackish hue without, and white within.

3 See B. xxii. c. 73. Dioscorides speaks of the use of the wild rape for this purpose, B. ii. c. 135.

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