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The hibiscum, by some persons known as the wild mallow,1 and by others as the "plistolochia," bears a strong resemblance to the parsnip;2 it is good for ulcerations of the cartilages, and is employed for the cure of fractured bones. The leaves of it, taken in water, relax the stomach; they have the effect, also, of keeping away serpents, and, employed as a liniment, are a cure for the stings of bees, wasps, and hornets. The root, pulled up before sunrise, and wrapped in wool of the colour known as "native,"3 taken from a sheep which has just dropped a ewe lamb, is employed as a bandage for scrofulous swellings, even after they have suppurated. Some persons are of opinion, that for this purpose the root should be dug up with an implement of gold, and that care should be taken not to let it touch the ground.

Celsus,4 too, recommends this root to be boiled in wine, and applied in cases of gout unattended with swelling.

1 "Moloche agria."

2 See B. xix. c. 27.

3 See B. viii. c. 73.

4 De Remed. B. iv. c. 24. The parsnip is a stimulating plant, and it is not without reason, Fée says, that Celsus recommends it for this purpose.

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