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1 For some superstitious reason, in all probability. Pliny mentions below, the formalities with which this plant ought to be gathered.
2 See B. xiii. c. 2. The ancient type of this plant, our iris, sword- lily, or flower-de-luce, was probably the Iris Florentina or Florentine iris of modern botany.
3 At the present day, too, it is the root of the plant that is the most important part of it.
4 The Iris Florentina, probably, of Linnæus.
5 Mentioned by Nicander, Theriaca, l. 43.
6 Probably a variety only of the preceding kind.
7 The most common varieties in Africa are the Iris alata of Lamarck, l. Mauritanica of Clusius, I. juncea, and I. stylosa of Desfontaines.
8 "Raphanus." C. Bauhin identifies the Rhaphanitis with the Iris biflora, and the Rhizotomus with the Iris angustifolia prunum redolens.
9 See c, 38 of this Book.
10 No kind of iris, Fée says, fresh or dried, whole or powdered, is pro- ductive of this effect.
11 Very similar, probably, to that of Illyria.
12 All these superstitions are from Theophrastus, Hist. Plant. B. ix. c. 9.
13 This, Fée says, is quite consistent with modern experience.
14 "Irinum." See B. xiii. c. 2.
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