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Oil of chamæmyrsine, or oxymyrsine,1 possesses similar properties. Oil of cypress2 also, produces the same effects as oil of myrtle, and the same as to oil of citrus.3 Oil of walnuts, which we have previously mentioned4 as being called "caryinon," is good for alopecy, and is injected into the ears for the cure of hardness of hearing. Used as a liniment, it relieves head-ache; but in other respects it is of an inert nature and disagreeable taste; indeed, if part only of one of the kernels should happen to be decayed, the whole making is spoilt. The oil extracted from the grain of Cnidos5 has similar properties to castor6 oil. Oil of mastich7 is very useful as an ingredient in the medicinal preparation known as "acopum;"8 indeed it would be fully as efficacious as oil of roses, were it not found to be somewhat too styptic in its effects. It is employed in cases of too profuse perspiration, and for the cure of pimples produced thereby. It is extremely efficacious also or itch in beasts of burden. Oil of balanus9 removes spots on the skin, boils, freckles, and maladies of the gums.10

1 The wild myrtle, or little holly. See B. xv. c. 7. The oil would be inodorous, and not possessed, as Pliny says, of properties similar to these of oil of myrtle.

2 See B. xv. c. 7. Fée thinks that it may have possibly been prepared from a decoction of leaves of cypress.

3 See B. xiii. cc. 1. 29, and B. xv. c. 7.

4 See B. xv. c. 7. Oil of walnuts is used hut little in medicine at the present day, but it is employed for numerous other purposes.

5 "Granum Cnidium." See B. xv. c. 7.

6 It would only resemble castor oil in its drastic properties; the latter is a fixed natural oil, the former an artificial one.

7 See B. xv. c. 7. An oil is still extracted in Italy from the fruit of the Pistacia lentiscus; but it is no longer used in medicine.

8 From the Greek ἄκοπος, "relieving weariness."

9 Or "ben." See B. xii c. 46, and B. xv. c. 7. Oil of ben is still made, but it has no such effects as those mentioned by our author.

10 Pliny appears to have made the same error here in compiling from the Greek, as he has done in Chapters 4 and 13, in mistaking the Greek word signifying "scars," for that meaning "gums."

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