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We have already enlarged1 upon the nature of the cyprus, and the method of preparing oil of cyprus. This oil is natu- rally warming, and relaxes the sinews. The leaves of the tree are used as an application to the stomach,2 and the juice of them is applied in a pessary for irritations of the uterus. Fresh gathered and chewed, the leaves are applied to running ulcers of the head, ulcerations of the mouth, gatherings, and condylomatous sores. A decoction of the leaves is very useful also for burns and sprains. Beaten up and applied with the juice of the strutheum,3 they turn the hair red. The blos- soms, applied to the head with vinegar, relieve head-ache, and the ashes of them, burnt in a pot of raw earth, are curative of corrosive sores and putrid ulcers, either employed by themselves, or in combination with honey. The odour4 exhaled by these blossoms induces sleep.

The oil called "gleucinum"5 has certain astringent and refreshing properties similar to those of oil of œnanthe.

1 In B. xii. c. 51, and B. xv. c. 7.

2 The cyprus, or henna, is but little known in Europe: but it is em- ployed for many purposes in the East. The leaves, which have a powerful smell, are used for the purpose of dyeing and staining various parts of the body.

3 Pliny has most probably committed an error here in mentioning the "strutheum," or sparrow-quince; for the corresponding passage in Dioscorides, B. i. c. 124, speaks of the "struthion," the Gypsophila struthium of Linnæus, or possibly, as Littré thinks, the Saponaria officinalis. See B. xix. c. 18.

4 This, Fée thinks, may probably be the case.

5 See B. xv. c. 7.

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