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It would be a mere loss of time to recapitulate the nine1 different varieties of the pomegranate. The sweet pome- granates, or, in other words, those known by the name of "apyrna,"2 are generally considered to be injurious to the stomach; they are productive, also, of flatulency, and are bad for the teeth and gums. The kind which closely resembles the last in flavour, and which we have spoken of as the "vinous" pomegranate, has very diminutive pips, and is thought to be somewhat more wholesome than the others. They have an astringent effect upon the stomach and bowels, provided they are taken in moderation, and not to satiety; but even these, or, indeed, any other kind, should never be given in fevers, as neither the substance nor the juice of the fruit acts otherwise than injuriously under those circumstances. They should, also, be equally3 abstained from in cases of vomiting and bilious evacuations.

In this fruit Nature has revealed to us a grape, and, so to say, not must, but a wine ready made, both grape and wine being enclosed in a tougher skin.4 The rind of the sour pomegranate is employed for many purposes. It is in very common use with curriers for tanning5 leather, from which circumstance it has received the name of "malicorium."6 Medical men assure us that the rind is diuretic, and that, boiled with nut-galls in vinegar, it strengthens loose teeth in the sockets. It is prescribed also for pregnant women when suf- fering from qualmishness, the flavour of it quickening the fœtus. A pomegranate is cut, and left to soak in rain-water for some three days; after which the infusion is given cold to persons suffering from cœliac affections and spitting of blood.

1 See B. xiii. c. 34; where, however, he has only distinguished them according to their flavour, sweet, vinous, &c.

2 "Without pips." See B. xiii. c. 34.

3 This and the previous precaution given, Fée considers to be mere puerilities.

4 Than that of the ordinary grape, probably.

5 See B. xiii. c. 34.

6 The "leather apple." apparently. It is more probable, as Hardouin says, that it was so called front the toughness of the rind.

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