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The scarlet berry1 of the holm-oak is applied to fresh wounds with vinegar; and in combination with water it is dropt into the eyes in cases of defluxion of those organs or of ecchymosis. There grows also in most parts of Attica, and in Asia, a berry of this description, which becomes transformed with great rapidity into a diminutive worm, owing to which circumstance the Greeks have given it the name of "scolecion:"2 it is held, however, in disesteem. The principal varieties of this berry have been previously3 described.

1 See B. xvi. c. 12. All the properties here ascribed to it, Fée says, are hypothetical. It is no longer used in medicine, at least to any recognized extent.

2 Hence the Latin word "vermiculum," from which our word "ver- milion" is derived.

3 In B. xvi. c. 12.

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