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CHAP. 56. (9.)—THE ARIGEMONIA: FOUR REMEDIES.

The argemonia,1 too, is remedial in such cases; the root of it being taken, in doses of one denarius, in three cyathi of wine. It will be as well, however, to enter into some further details in reference to this plant and others, which I shall have occasion next to mention; it being my intention first to describe, under each head, those plants which are the most efficacious for the treatment of the affection under consideration.

The argemonia has leaves like those of the anemone, but divided2 like those of parsley: the head grows upon a slender stem resembling that of the wild poppy, and the root is also very similar to that of the same plant. The juice is of a saffron colour, acrid and pungent: the plant is commonly found in the fields of this country. Among us there are three3 varieties of it distinguished, the one being the most highly approved of, the root of which smells4 like frankincense.5

1 The Papaver argemone of Linnæus, the Rough poppy. It is a native of France, and many other parts of Europe.

2 This, Fée remarks, is not stated by Dioscorides, whose description is more correct.

3 It is supposed by commentators that he is in error here, and that this description applies to the Lappa canaria, mentioned in B. xxiv. c. 116.

4 The root of the Papaver argemone has no such smell.

5 See B. xxi. c. 94, B. xxiv. c. 116, and B. xxvi. c. 59.

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