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Silaus1 is a plant which grows in running streams with a gravelly bed. It bears some resemblance to parsley, and is a cubit in height. It is cooked in the same manner as the acid vegetables,2 and is of great utility for affections of the bladder. In cases where that organ is affected with eruptions,3 it is used in combination with root of panaces,4 a plant which is otherwise bad for the bladder.

The erratic apple,5 too, is an expellent of calculi. For this purpose, a pound of the root is boiled down to one half in a congius of wine, and one hemina of the decoction is taken for three consecutive days, the remainder being taken in wine with sium.6 Sea-nettle7 is employed too for the same purpose, daucus,8 and seed of plantago in wine.

1 Hardouin thinks that it is the Apium graveolens of Linnæus, Smallage; but at the present day it is generally identified with the Peucedanum silaus of Linnæus, the Meadow sulphur-wort, or saxifrage.

2 Sorrel, for instance.

3 "Scabiem."

4 See B. xxv. c. 11.

5 Generally supposed to be the same as the "Apple of the earth," mentioned in B. xxv. c. 54.

6 See B. xx. c. 41.

7 It is doubtful whether he means an animal or plant; most probably the latter, but if so, it is quite unknown.

8 See B. xxv. c. 64.

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