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Aparine,1 otherwise called "omphalocarpos"2 or "philanthropos,"3 is a ramose, hairy, plant, with five or six leaves at regular intervals, arranged circularly around the branches. The seed is round, hard, concave, and of a sweetish taste. It grows in cornfields, gardens, and meadows, and, by the aid of its prickly points, adheres to the clothes. The seed is employed to neutralize the venom of serpents, being taken in doses of one drachma, in wine: it is useful also for the bite of the phalangium.4 The leaves, applied topically, arrest ha- morrhage from wounds. The juice is used as an injection for the ears.

1 See B. xviii. c. 44, and B. xxiv. c. 11.6. It is identified with the Galiun Aparine of Linnæus, Ladies' bedstraw, Cleavers, goosegrass, hariff, or catchweed. Its medicinal properties are next to nothing.

2 "Navel-fruit."

3 "Man-loving." See B. xxiv. c. 116.

4 See Note 53 above.

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