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1 In ancient Etruria, now Torre di Vada. The distance is, in reality, about ninety miles.
2 Mariana was situate in the northern part of the island, and the ruins of Aleria are still to be seen on the banks of the river Tavignano, near the coast.
3 Probably near the present Monte Cristo.
4 He probably means the group of islands called Formicole, which are situate only thirty-three miles from Corsica, and not near sixty.
5 Now La Gorgona.
6 Both of these names meaning "Goat island." It is now called Capraia.
7 The modern Giglio.
8 Now Gianuto, opposite Monte Argentaro on the main-land.
9 These are probably the small islands now called Formiete or Formicole di Grossetto, Troja, Palmajola, and Cervoli.
10 The modern Elba.
11 Now Pianosa.
12 Astura still retains its ancient name, Palmaria is the present Palmarola, Sinonia is now Senone, and Pontiæ is the modern Isola di Ponza.
13 Now Ventotiene.
15 The present island of Ischia, off the coasts of Campania. The name of Pithecusæ appears to have been given by the Greeks to the two islands of Ænaria and Prochyta collectively.
16 Ovid, like many other writers, mentions Inarime as though a different island from Pithecusæ. See Met. B. xiv. 1.89. As is here mentioned by Pliny, many persons derived the name "Pithecusæ" from πίθηκος "an ape," and, according to Strabo, "Aremus" was the Etrurian name for an ape. Ovid, in the Metamorphoses, loc. cit., confirms this tradition by relating the change of the natives into apes. The solution of its name given by Pliny appears however extremely probable, that it gained its name from its manufacture of πιθηκὰ, or earthen vessels. Virgil is supposed to have coined the name of "Inarime."
18 The modern Castel del' Ovo.
19 Now Capri. Here Tiberius established his den of lustfulness and iniquity. He erected twelve villas in the island, the remains of several of which are still to be seen.
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