CHAP. 24.—THE MARCIAN WATERS.
The most celebrated water throughout the whole world, and
the one to which our city gives the palm for coolness and salu-
brity, is that of the Marcian1
Spring, accorded to Rome among
the other bounties of the gods: the name formerly given to
the stream was the "Aufeian," the spring itself being known
as "Pitonia." It rises2
at the extremity of the mountains of
the Peligni, passes through the territory of the Marsi and through
Lake Fucinus, and then, without deviating, makes directly for
Rome: shortly after this, it loses itself in certain caverns, and
only reappears in the territory of Tibur, from which it is
brought to the City by an arched aqueduct nine miles in
length. Ancus Marcius, one of the Roman kings, was the
who thought of introducing this water into the City.
At a later period, the works were repaired by Quintus Mar-
cius Rex: and, more recently, in his prætorship, by M.