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1 Of this work, begun by Ovid during his banishment in Pontus, and probably never completed, only a fragment of one hundred and thirty-two lines has come down to us. Pliny again makes reference to it, in the last Chapter of the present Book.
2 Or "Treatise on Fishes."
3 See B. ix. c. 69, and B. xi. c. 61.
4 Quoted from the Halieuticon.
5 The wolf fish. The Perca labrax of Linnæus. See B. ix. cc. 24, 28, 74, 79, and B. x. c. 89.
6 From the Halieuticon of Ovid.
7 See B. ix. cc. 14, 35, 39, 48, 74, 79, 81.
8 From the Halieuticon.
9 From the Halieuticon.
10 See B. ix. cc. 21, 26, 67.
11 From the Halieuticon.
12 From the Halieuticon. See Note 31 above, if indeed the same fish is meant. See also B. xxxi. c. 44, and the Note.
13 From the Halieuticon.
14 See B. ix. c. 85.
15 In B. ix. c. 39. Aristotle, however, as there stated, was not of the same opinion.
16 See B. xx. c. 98.
17 "Novacula piscis." Pliny is the only ancient author that mentions this fish. There are numerous varieties of it, among which the best known are the Coryphæna novacula of Linnæus, the Rason of the Mediterranean, highly esteemed as an article of food, and the Coryphæna pentedactyle of Bloch, identical with the Hemiptéronote à cinq taches, of Lacépède.
18 An absurdity, owing, no doubt, to its name.
19 Or "globe-fish." The Mola, orbis marinus, or sun-fish of modern Natural History, the Lune de mer, or poisson-lune of the French. Though the skin is harsh and tough, there is no firmness in its flesh, which is of a gluey consistency.
20 In reality it has scales, but they are almost imperceptible, from their minuteness.
21 Or rather, as Dalechamps observes, "all belly."
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