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1 "Trigariis." "Three-horse chariot races," literlly. See B. xxviii. c. 72, and B. xxix. c. 5.
2 It having been in recent times declared unlawful to work them, as he has already informed us.
3 "Quacunque ambitur mari." With these words the Natural History of Pliny terminates in all the former editions. M. lan was the first among the learned to express a suspicion that the proper termination of the work was wanting; an opinion in which Sillig coincided, and which was happily confirmed, in the course of time, by the discovery of the Bamberg MS., the only copy of the Natural History (or rather the last Six Books) in which the concluding part of this Chapter has been found.
4 See B. xix. c. 7.
5 See. B. xxxvi. c. 45.
6 See Chapter 15 of this Book.
7 See Chapter 16 of this Book.
8 See Chapters 7, 8, and 11 of this Book.
9 "Coccum." See B. xvi. c. 12, and B. xxiv. c. 4.
10 See B. xix. c. 15, and B. xxii. c. 49.
11 See B. xii. c. 26.
12 See B. vi. c. 20, and B. xii. c. 1.
13 See B. xiii. c. 29, and B. xv. c. 7.
14 See B. xii. c. 42.
15 See B. xii. c. 43.
16 See B. xii. c. 28.
17 See Chapter 11 of this Book.
18 See B. xii. c. 54.
19 See B. xii. c. 33.
20 See B. xii. c. 30.
21 See B. xii. c. 25.
22 See B. xxxiv. c. 41.
23 In B. xii. c. 37, and B. xxvi. c. 30.
24 See B. ix. cc. 60, 61
25 See B. x. c. 28, and B. xxix. c. 13.
26 "Numeris omnibus."
27 Bernhardy, Grundriss d. Röm. Lit. p. 644, has expressed an opinion that there is still some deficiency after the concluding words, "tuis fave;" notwithstanding the comparative completeness of the restored text as given by the Bamberg MS.
28 See end of B. ii.
29 See end of B. v.
30 See end of B. ix.
31 See end of B. xxxii.
32 See end of B. xvi.
33 See end of B. v.
34 See end of B. xxxiii.
35 See end of B. xxxvi.
36 See end of B. x.
37 A Dithyrambic poet, a native of Cythera. or, according to some, of Heraclea in Pontus. During the latter part of his life he resided at the court of the younger Dionysius, tyrant of Sicily, and died B.C. 380, at the age of 55. Of his poems, only a few fragments are left.
38 One of the great Tragic Poets of Greece, born at Salamis B.C. 480. Of his Tragedies, eighteen are still extant, out of seventy-five, or, according to some accounts, ninety-two, which he originally wrote.
39 See end of B. viii.
40 Nothing positive seems to be known of this author, who is mentioned in Chapters 11, 24, and 25 of the present Book as having written on Precious Stones. It is possible that he may have been the architect mentioned in B. xxxvi. c. 14. Hardouin would identify him with a Comic writer of Olynthus, of this name.
41 See end of B. iii.
42 See end of B. xii.
43 See end of B. x.
44 A Roman senator, who wrote a work on Fishing, in 26 Books, one on Hydromancy or aquatic divination, and other works connected with history. It is probably from a work of his, "On Rivers," that Plutarch quotes. See Chapters 11 and 23 of the present Book.
45 Author of a "Periplus," and of a poem "on the Fabulous forms of Men," both mentioned by Tzetzes. See Chapters 11, 23, 24, and 51 of this Book.
46 See end of Books iii. and xxxv.
47 See end of B. xxxvi.
48 See end of B. ii.
49 See end of B. iv.
50 A writer on Stones, of this name, is also mentioned by Plutarch and Stobaæus, but no further particulars are known of him. He is mentioned in Chapter 11 of this Book.
51 Mentioned also in Chapter 11 of this Book. A person of this name is quoted by the Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius as the author of a work on Libya; from which he is supposed to have been a native of Africa.
52 Beyond the mention made of him in Chapter 11 of this Book, as a contemporary of Pliny, no further particulars are known.
53 A native of Patara in Lycia, who wrote a Description of the Earth, and a collection of the Oracles given at Delphi. See Chapter 11 of this Book.
54 Beyond the mention made of him in Chapter 11 of this Book, nothing relative to this writer seems to be known.
55 See end of B. ii.
56 Mithridates VI., Eupator, or Dionysus, King of Pontus, and the great adversary of the Romans, commonly known as Mithridates the Great. His notes and Memoirs were brought to Rome by Pompey, who had them translated into Latin by his freedman Pompeius Lenæus. See end of B. xiv.: also B. vii. c. 24, B. xxiii. c. 77, B. xxv. cc. 3, 27, 79, B. xxxiii. c. 54, and Chapters 5 and 11 of the present Book.
57 See end of B. xxi.
58 See end of B. viii.
59 From the mention made of him in Chapters 12 and 25 of this Book, we may conclude that he was a writer on Precious Stones.
60 See end of B. ii.
61 From the mention of him in Chapters 23 and 28 of this Book, he appears to have been a writer on Precious Stones.
62 Probably the physician of Miletus, sometimes called Olympiacus, who, according to Galen, belonged to the sect of the Methodici, and lived in the first century after Christ. Galen speaks of him as "a frivolous person."
63 See Cornelius Alexander, end of B. iii.
64 See end of B. xxx.
65 See end of B. xxix.
66 See end of B. xviii.
67 A native of Babylon, mentioned in Chapter 60 of this Book, as having dedicated a work, on Precious Stones, to King Mithridates.
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