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CHAP. 16. (9.)—MAGNESIA.

To Thessaly Magnesia joins, in which is the fountain of Libethra1. Its towns are Iolcos2, Hormenium, Pyrrha3, Methone4, and Olizon5. The Promontory of Sepias6 is here situate. We then come to the towns of Casthanea7 and Spa- lathra8, the Promontory of Æantium9, the towns of Melibœa10, Rhizus, and Erymnæ11; the mouth of the Peneus, the towns of Homolium12, Orthe, Thespiæ, Phalanna13, Thaumacie14, Gyrton15, Crannon16, Acharne17, Dotion18, Melitæa, Phylace19, and Potniæ20. The length of Epirus, Achaia, Attica, and Thessaly is said altogether to amount to 490 miles, the breadth to 287.

1 Near Libethrum; said to be a favourite haunt of the Muses, whence their name "Libethrides." It is near the modern Goritza.

2 Leake places its site on the height between the southernmost houses of Volo and Vlakho-Makhala. No remains of it are to be seen.

3 Ansart says that on its site stands the modern Korakai Pyrgos.

4 Near Neokhori, and called Eleutherokhori.

5 Now Kortos, near Argalisti, according to Ansart.

6 Now Haghios Georgios, or the Promontory of St. George.

7 At the foot of Mount Pelion. Leake places it at some ruins near a small port called Tamukhari. The chestnut tree derived its Greek and modern name from this place, in the vicinity of which it still abounds.

8 Probably near the village of Hagia Eutimia, according to Ansart.

9 Now Trikeri.

10 Melibœa was near the modern Mintzeles, and Rhizus near Pesi Dendra, according to Ansart.

11 Ansart says, in the vicinity of the modern Conomio.

12 Situate at the foot of Mount Homole, between Tempe and the village of Karitza. Leake thinks that the Convent of St. Demetrius, on the lower part of Mount Kissavo, stands on its site.

13 Now Tournovo, according to Ansart.

14 Now called Democo, according to Ansart.

15 Between the Titaresius and the Peneus. The modern village of Tatari stands on its site.

16 Probably the place of the same name mentioned in the last Chapter.

17 Probably the same as Acharræ on the river Pamisus, mentioned by Livy, B. xxxii. c. 13.

18 On the Dotian Plain, mentioned by Hesiod, and probably the same place that Pindar calls Lacereia.

19 The birth-place of Protesilaüs, the first victim of the Trojan war.

20 Nothing is known of this place. The word "porro" appears instead of it in some editions.

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  • Cross-references to this page (10):
    • Harper's, Caledonia
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), AE´MODAE
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), CALEDONIA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), GESORIACUM
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), NERIGOS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), O´RCADES
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), SENA INSULA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), SI´LURES
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), THULE
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), VECTA
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