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1 Now Capo Skillo.
2 Or Bœæ. Its ruins are to be seen at the head of the Gulf of Vatika.
3 It stood on the site of the place called Palee-Emvasia, above Monembasia.
4 Its site is the modern Porto Kari, according to Ansart.
5 Leake places Cyphanta either at Cyparissi, or farther north, at Lenidhi. Ansart makes it the modern Porto Botte, or Stilo.
6 Now the Banitza. The Erasinus is the modern Kephalari.
7 So called from its breed of horses. It is now also called Argos; three leagues from Napoli di Romania.
8 Its site is now called Milos. In the marshes in its vicinity Hercules was said to have killed the Lernæan Hydra.
9 Karvata is the name of the place on its site. Its ruins are numerous, and of great magnificence.
10 Its ruins are of the most interesting nature, presenting enormous masses of stone, of Cyclopian architecture. The spot is at the present day called Palæ-Nauplia.
11 It must not be confounded with the place in Arcadia, where Epaminondas fell. Its site appears to be unknown.
12 Or Apesas, in the territory of Cleonæ, now called Fuka. Artemius is probably the present Malvouni, or Malcyo.
13 A river of the same name rose in this mountain; its identity is unknown.
14 So called from Niobe, the sister of Pelops and wife of Amphion, king of Thebes. The spring of Amymone ran into the lake of Lerna.
15 Its ruins are to be seen in the vicinity of the modem village of Castri: they are very extensive.
16 The modern Dhamala occupies the site of Trœzen.
17 The identity of this Coryphasium seems to be unascertained. There was a promontory of that name in Messenia; but it cannot be the place here spoken of.
18 It is supposed that Pliny here alludes to Argos Hippium, which he has previously mentioned; but only in connection with the rivers Inachus and Erasinus, and not as included in the list of the towns of Argolis. The origin of the term "Dipsian" is probably unknown. It could hardly allude to drought, as Argos was abundantly supplied with water. But see B. vii. c. 57.
19 Ansart says that this is the modern Porto Estremo, at the mouth of the Saronic Gulf.
21 He was worshipped here under the form of a serpent; and his temple, five miles from Epidaurus, was resorted to by patients from all parts of Greece for the cure of their diseases. The ruins of this temple are still to be seen, and those of the theatre at Epidaurus are very extensive. The village of Pidharvo stands in the midst of the ruins.
22 The modern Capo Franco.
23 Lapie takes Anthedus, or Anthedon, to be the place now called Porto d'Athene.
24 This appears to have been a port of Corinth, on a promontory of the same name, meaning, probably from its shape, the "Bull's Head Point."
25 Called the 'Posideium'; in its vicinity the games were celebrated. The Isthmian Sanctuary was especially famous as a place of refuge.
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