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The former name of Pamphylia1 was Mopsopia2. The Pamphylian Sea3 joins up to that of Cilicia. The towns of Pamphylia are Side4, Aspendum5, situate on the side of a mountain, Pletenissum6, and Perga7. There is also the Promontory of Leucolla, the mountain of Sardemisus, and the rivers Eurymedon8, which flows past Aspendus, and Catarractes9, near to which is Lyrnesus: also the towns of Olbia10, and Phaselis11, the last on this coast.

1 United with Cilicia it now forms the province of Caramania or Kermanieh. It was a narrow strip of the southern coast of Asia Minor, extending in an arch along the Pamphylian Gulf between Lycia on the west, Cilicia on the east, and on the north bordering on Pisidia.

2 Tradition ascribed the first Greek settlements in this country to Mopsus, son of Apollo (or of Rhacius), after the Trojan war.

3 Now called the Gulf of Adalia, lying between Cape Khelidonia and Cape Anemour.

4 Now called Candeloro, according to D'Anville and Beaufort.

5 Or Aspendus, an Argeian colony on the river Eurymedon. The "mountain" of Pliny is nothing but a hill or piece of elevated ground. It is supposed that it still retains its ancient name. In B. xxxi. c. 7, Pliny mentions a salt lake in its vicinity.

6 Hardouin suggests that the correct reading is 'Petnelessum.'

7 A city of remarkable splendour, between the rivers Catarrhactes and Cestrus, sixty stadia from the mouth of the former. It was a celebrated seat of the worship of Artemis or Diana. In the later Roman empire it was the capital of Pamphylia Secunda. It was the first place visited by St. Paul in Asia Minor. See Acts, xiii. 13 and xiv. 25. Its splendid ruins are still to be seen at Murtana, sixteen miles north-east of Adalia.

8 Now known as the Kapri-Su.

9 Now called Duden-Su. It descends the mountains of Taurus in a great broken waterfall, whence its name.

10 Probably occupying the site of the modern Atalieh or Satalieh.

11 On the borders of Lycia and Pamphylia, at the foot of Mount Solyma. Its ruins now bear the name of Tekrova.

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  • Cross-references to this page (11):
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), BA´BYLON
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), EURY´MEDON
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), LEUCOLLA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), LYRNESSUS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), O´LBIA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), OTIS
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), PAMPHY´LIA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), PAMPHY´LIUM MARE
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), PERGE
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), PISI´DIA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), SARDEMISUS
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (4):
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