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1 Still known as Lindo and Camiro, according to D'Anville.
2 One of the three ancient Doric cities of Rhodes. It lay three-quarters of a mile to the south-west of the city of Rhodes, with which Pliny seems here to confound it. Its site is occupied by a village which still bears the name of Ialiso, and where a few ancient remains are to be found.
3 From its productiveness of serpents.
4 Either from Asterius, its former king, or from its being a "constellation" of the sea.
5 Probably because of the clearness and serenity of its atmosphere. See B. ii. c. 62.
6 From its three-cornered shape.
8 From its verdant and grassy soil.
9 Either from King Atabyrius, or the mountain Atabyrion; or else from the temple of Jupiter Tabyrius, which Appian speaks of as situate in this island.
10 The "fortunate," or "blessed" island.
11 "Venomous," or "deadly." This name it most probably had in early times (and not more recently, as Pliny says), when it was covered with dense forests, the retreats of serpents and noxious reptiles.
12 Now known as Skarpanto.
13 Mentioned by Homer, II. ii. 676. See also B. iv. c. 23 of the present work. It is described by Ross as a single ridge of mountains, of considerable height.
14 Signifying "sea-foam."
15 Still known as Nicero.
16 From its production of the 'murex,' or 'purple.'
17 Now called Symi, a small island off the south-west coast of Caria, at the mouth of the Gulf of Doris, to the west of the Promontory of Cynossema.
18 Now called the Island of St. Catherine, according to Ansart.
19 Stephlanus Byzantinus mentions these islands as lying in the vicinity at Syme. Perhaps they are the group lying to the south of it, now called Siskle.
20 Distant about fifty miles from Carpathus, or Skarpanto. It was probably subject to Rhodes, in the vicinity of which it was situate. Its present name is Chalki.
21 An island, according to Hardouin, not far from Halicarnassus, on the cost of Ionia.
23 More probably Calydnæ, because there were several islands forming the group, of which Calymna was the chief. See B. iv. c. 23, where Pliny mentions only one town, that of Coös. There are some remains of the ancient towns still to be seen.
24 A small island of Caria, south of Halicarnassus. It is now called Orak-Ada.
25 Probably so called from the almost continual rains there.
27 Which has been previously mentioned in this Chapter.
28 In C. 29, Pliny has mentioned a Caryanda on the mainland. It is probable that there was a town on the mainland and another in the island of the same name. Leake says, that there can be little doubt that the large peninsula, towards the west end of which is the fine harbour called by the Turks Pasha Limani, is the ancient island of Caryanda, now joined to the mainland by a narrow sandy isthmus.
29 The island of Hyali, near the harbour of Meffi, on the coast of Caria, according to Dupinet.
30 Probably so called from the worship of the god Priapus there.
31 Few, if any, of these islets can now be recognized. Sepiussa was probably so called from the abundance of the sepia, or cuttle-fish, there.
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