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1 In C. 33 of the present Book.
2 Opposite to Sestos, made famous by the loves of Hero and Leander. Aidos, or Avido, a village on the Hellespont, is thought to occupy its site.
3 Now called Bergase, according to D'Anville.
4 Its ruins are still known as Lapsaki. This important city was celebrated for its wine, and was the chief seat of the worship of the god Priapus.
5 Its site is now called Camanar, according to D'Anville.
6 According to Ansart, the modern Caraboa marks its site.
7 Now called the Satal-dere, according to Ansart.
8 Its locality was not far from the modern Biga, according to Ansart.
9 Now the Sea of Marmora.
10 Mentioned in C. 33 of the present Book.
11 Now called Artaki, or Erdek, a town of Mysia, and a Milesian colony. A poor town now occupies its site.
12 Its ruins are called by the Turks Bal Kiz, probably meaning "Old Cyzicus." There are many subterraneous passages, and the ruins are of considerable extent. Its temples and storehouses appear to have been built on a scale of great magnificence. See Pliny, B. xxxvi. c. 15.
13 The "Island of the Bears," which animals frequented the mountain in its vicinity.
14 Called Dindymum by Herodotus; probably the modern Morad Dagh, in which the river Hermus rises.
15 Now called Saki, according to Ansart.
16 Now called the Lartaeho, according to Ansart.
17 Previously mentioned in C. 32 of the present Book.
18 In its limited sense; considered as a portion only of Asia Minor.
19 On the west it bordered on Mysia, and on the south on Phrygia and Galatia, while the eastern boundary seems to have been less definite.
20 Ephorus, as quoted by Stephanus Byzantinus, says, that the Halizones inhabited the district lying between Caria, Mysia, and Lydia. Hesyehius incorrectly places them in Paphlagonia.
21 Meaning the "Village of Gordius," one of its ancient kings. It was also called Gordium. After falling to decay, it was rebuilt by Augustus, and called Juliopolis. It is celebrated in history as the place where Alexander the Great cut the Gordian knot; the scene of the adventure being the Acropolis of the town, the former palace of King Gordius.
22 There were several Asiatic cities of the similar name of Dascylium. The site of the one here mentioned does not appear to have been ascertained.
23 More generally read "Gebes."
24 The "Bull's Bed," or "Den." It probably took its second name from the Roman general Germanicus.
25 Now called Medania, or Mutania. It received its name of Apamea from Prusias, king of Bithynia, in compliment to his wife. In the time of the first Cæsars, it was made a Roman colony.
26 The Bay of Cios. The river runs into a lake, formerly known as Lake Ascanius; probably that mentioned by Pliny in B. xxxi. c. 10.
27 Stephanus Byzantinus says that it was the same as the town of Cios, or Cius, here mentioned as near to it. It was on the shores of the Propontis.
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